Key Elements of the Research Proposal
Synonyms: effect, outcome, consequence, result, condition, disease. C. Confounding or intervening variables: variables that should be studied because they may influence or mix the effect of the independent variables. For instance, in a study of the effect of measles (independent variable) on child mortality (dependent variable the nutritional status of the child may play an intervening (confounding) role.
It is made to analyze the different tools and techniques to be used for the research. According to Money Remenyi (2004) research proposal determines what methodology would be used for a research and what would be the prior requirements of the research.
Some of the samples and examples of research proposal are provided here on the below links for your reference. Purpose of providing these research proposal examples is to give you a first hand information on how to write a proposal.
The different synonyms for the term independent variable which are used in literature are: cause, input, predisposing factor, risk factor, determinant, antecedent, characteristic and attribute. B. Dependent variables: variables in which changes are results of the level or amount of the independent variable or variables.
(2010) The Practice of Social Research. USA: Cengage Learning. Blaikie, N. (2009) Designing Social Research. UK: Polity Press. Burton, S. Steane, P. (2004) Surviving your thesis. Routledge. Davey, R. (2007) Making an effective bid: developing a successful research proposal.
Young investigators are advised to resist the temptation to put too many objectives or over-ambitious objectives that cannot be adequately achieved by the implementation of the protocol.3 5. Variables: During the planning stage, it is necessary to identify the key variables of the study and their method of measurement and unit of measurement must be clearly indicated.
The size of the research proposal should be concise and in continuation that should include all aspects of a research paper (McNiff Whitehead 2009). Format and Elements of a Research Proposal, a sample research proposal usually consists of following elements though these may vary a bit as per the research paper requirements.